History

Start of World War 2

The Reason for the Start of World War 2

From 1939 to 1945, the World War 2 was a global conflict. Divided into two opposing military alliances, the Allies and the Axis, it involved many of the world’s major powers. Tens of millions of people, both military and civilian, died in the war. There were many factors contributing to World War II, including political and economic strains, territorial conflicts and ideological differences. We will explore the main reasons for the start of the World War 2 in this article.

Political factors

The aftermath of the First World War can be traced back to the political factors that led to the outbreak of the Second World War. The Treaty of Versailles, signed in 1919, forced Germany to pay huge reparations, which the German people felt were punishing. This led to the rise of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler, who promised to restore Germany’s glory and undo the humiliation of the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler’s aggressive foreign policy culminated in the invasion of Poland in 1939, starting the Second World War, which included the annexation of Austria and Czechoslovakia.

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Economic Factors

Economic factors contributing to the outbreak of WWII included the Great Depression, which began in 1929. This economic downturn led to widespread unemployment and poverty, which helped extremist political movements such as the Nazi Party in Germany to rise. The Nazi Party appealed to the German people by promising to restore Germany’s economic strength and prosperity. However, its economic policies, such as autarky and military rearmament, ultimately led to the start of World War 2.

Territorial Disputes

Territorial disputes were also a major factor in the start of the Second World War. The Treaty of Versailles had redrawn the map of Europe, creating new nation states and leaving others with disputed borders. The most significant of these disputes was between Germany and Poland over the city of Danzig (now Gdansk), which had been made a free city under the League of Nations. Hitler saw a symbol of Germany’s humiliation after the First World War in the Polish Corridor, which separated East Prussia from the rest of Germany. His demand for the return of Danzig to Germany and the annexation of the Polish Corridor was the catalyst for the invasion of Poland and the start of the Second World War.

Start of World War 2

The invasion of Poland

The invasion of Poland was the immediate trigger for the start of the Second World War. On the 1st of September 1939, German troops invaded Poland from the west, while Soviet troops invaded from the east. The Polish army was quickly overwhelmed and within a few weeks Germany had occupied most of the country.

The Reaction of the Allies

The invasion of Poland was met with outrage by the Allied powers, particularly Britain and France. They issued ultimatums to Germany demanding the withdrawal of German forces from Poland. When these ultimatums were ignored, Britain and France declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939.

The reasons for the start of the World War 2 are complex and varied. The Treaty of Versailles, Hitler’s rise to power, the policy of appeasement and the failure of collective security all contributed to the start of the war. The war claimed millions of lives and led to the destruction of entire cities. Political leaders reshaped the world after the war, despite all these losses.┬áThe lessons learned from the Second World War are still relevant today, and it is important to remember how global conflict affects all of us. We can work to prevent such a tragedy from happening again by understanding the factors that led to the start of the World War 2.

After World War II

After World War II: 7 Political Leaders From Various Countries

As the world began to recover from the devastating effects of the World War II, it marked a turning point in global politics. The post-war era saw the rise of a new generation of political leaders who helped shape the political landscape of their respective countries. These leaders faced a number of challenges, ranging from economic recovery to political stability and social reform. In this article, we will take a closer look at the 7 most influential political leaders from different countries who emerged after the World War 2.

Winston Churchill

1. Winston Churchill: Leading Britain to Victory

Winston Churchill is widely regarded as one of the most influential political leaders of the 20th century. As Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the Second World War, he played a crucial role in leading Britain to victory. Churchill’s leadership style, characterised by his charismatic personality and powerful speeches, inspired the British people to endure the hardships of war and ultimately emerge victorious.

Franklin D. Roosevelt:

2. Franklin D. Roosevelt: Transforming American Politics

Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States, led his country through some of its darkest days, including the Great Depression and World War II. Roosevelt’s New Deal policies helped transform American politics and paved the way for the country’s economic recovery. His leadership style, characterised by fireside chats and strong communication skills, helped him connect with the American people and earn their trust.

Konrad Adenauer

3. Konrad Adenauer: Building a New Germany

Konrad Adenauer was the first Chancellor of West Germany after the Second World War. Adenauer played a crucial role in rebuilding Germany after the war. He focused on economic recovery and political stability. Adenauer’s leadership style, characterised by pragmatism and a strong commitment to democracy, helped him earn the trust and respect of the German people.

After World War II

4. Charles de Gaulle: Revival of French Nationalism

Charles de Gaulle was a French general and statesman who played a key role in the French Resistance during the Second World War. After the war, de Gaulle became President of France and helped revive French nationalism, emphasising the country’s importance on the world stage. De Gaulle’s leadership style, characterised by his strong personality and unwavering commitment to French interests, made him a revered figure in French politics.

Jawaharlal Nehru:

5. Jawaharlal Nehru: Shaping India’s Future

Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India, serving from 1947 until his death in 1964. Nehru played a pivotal role in shaping India’s future. He focused on social and economic reform, as well as the country’s foreign policy. Nehru’s leadership style helped shape the country’s political landscape for years to come, driven by his vision for a modern and secular India.

Mao Zedong

6. Mao Zedong: Leading China’s Communist Revolution

Mao Zedong was a Chinese communist revolutionary. He led the People’s Republic of China from its founding in 1949 until his death in 1976. Mao played a pivotal role in leading China’s communist revolution, focusing on building a socialist society and promoting Chinese nationalism. Mao’s leadership style, characterised by charisma and strong ideological convictions, made him a revered figure in Chinese politics.

After World War II

7. Nelson Mandela: Transforming South Africa

Nelson Mandela was an anti-apartheid revolutionary from South Africa who served as the country’s first black president from 1994 to 1999. With a focus on reconciliation and social justice, Mandela played a pivotal role in the transformation of South Africa. Mandela’s leadership style, characterised by humility and a commitment to non-violence, helped to unite the country and promote democracy.

In the aftermath of the Second World War, the world’s political leaders were faced with a new reality. The devastation of war had left countries in ruins, and new leadership was needed to help rebuild and create a better future. Leaders such as Winston Churchill, Charles de Gaulle and Franklin D. Roosevelt rose to the challenge, bringing their own unique perspectives and ideas to the table. They worked together to bring lasting peace and stability to Europe and beyond. Their efforts helped shape the world we live in today, making them some of the most influential political leaders of all time.